Saturday, 3 March 2012
Assalamualaikum,i feel the BEL class is very good to me because this class give me more knowledge and improve me to wake up early in the morning.:).Miss Zu is a good lecturer she is very concern about their student and want their student give good feedback and give attention during she"s teaching.I know she would not be angry if there is no reason.I hope the BEL can be more interesting if the Lecturer has a professional capacity and not quick-tempered.
Drawing conclusions refers to information that is implied or inferred. This means that the information is never clearly stated.
Writers often tell you more than they say directly. They give you hints or clues that help you "read between the lines." Using these clues to give you a deeper understanding of your reading is called inferring. When you infer, you go beyond the surface details to see other meanings that the details suggest or imply (not stated). When the meanings of words are not stated clearly in the context of the text, they may be implied - that is, suggested or hinted at. When meanings are implied, you may infer them.
Inference is just a big word that means a conclusion or judgement. If you infer that something has happened, you do not see, hear, feel, smell, or taste the actual event. But from what you know, it makes sense to think that it has happened. You make inferences everyday. Most of the time you do so without thinking about it. Suppose you are sitting in your car stopped at a red signal light. You hear screeching tires, then a loud crash and breaking glass. You see nothing, but you infer that there has been a car accident. We all know the sounds of screeching tires and a crash. We know that these sounds almost always mean a car accident. But there could be some other reason, and therefore another explanation, for the sounds. Perhaps it was not an accident involving two moving vehicles. Maybe an angry driver rammed a parked car. Or maybe someone played the sound of a car crash from a recording. Making inferences means choosing the most likely explanation from the facts at hand.
There are several ways to help you draw conclusions from what an author may be implying. The following are descriptions of the various ways to aid you in reaching a conclusion.
The meaning of a word may be implied by the general sense of its context, as the meaning of the word incarcerated is implied in the following sentence:
Murderers are usually incarcerated for longer periods of time than robbers.
You may infer the meaning of incarcerated by answering the question "What usually happens to those found guilty of murder or robbery?" Use the text box below to write down what you have inferred as the meaning of the word incarcerated.
When the meaning of the word is not implied by the general sense of its context, it may be implied by examples. For instance,
Those who enjoy belonging to clubs, going to parties, and inviting friends often to their homes for dinner are gregarious.
You may infer the meaning of gregarious by answering the question "What word or words describe people who belong to clubs, go to parties a lot, and often invite friends over to their homes for dinner?" Use the lines below to write down what you have inferred as the meaning of the word gregarious.
Antonyms and Contrasts
When the meaning of a word is not implied by the general sense of its context or by examples, it may be implied by an antonym or by a contrasting thought in a context. Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings, such as happy and sad. For instance,
Ben is fearless, but his brother is timorous.
You may infer the meaning of timorous by answering the question "If Ben is fearless and Jim is very different from Ben with regard to fear, then what word describes Jim?" Write your answer on the following line.
A contrast in the following sentence implies the meaning of credence:
Dad gave credence to my story, but Mom's reaction was one of total disbelief.
You may infer the meaning of credence by answering the question "If Mom's reaction was disbelief and Dad's reaction was very different from Mom's, what was Dad's reaction?" Write your answer on the following lines.
-Time phrase used in the present continuous tense,for example:(now,currently,this week,still,today,at present,right now,at the moment).
-The present continuous tense-When to use:
1)We use the present continuous tense to talk about activities happening now.For example,The kids are watching television.
2)We can also use the present continuous tense to talk about activities happening around now, and not necessarily this very moment.For example,Sally is studying really hard for her exams this week.
3)The present continuous tense is also used to talk about activities happening in the near future,especially for planned future events.For examples,I am seeing my dentist on wednesday.
-Present continuous tense form:
For example:I am speaking(positive),I am not speaking(negative),Am I speaking(question).
>The simple present tense describes:
>Time phrase used in simple present tense:
-For example : I do my homework every day
>The simple present tense can be expressed in the affirmative,negative,and the interrogative forms.
-past continuous tense is an action or something that happen in the past
-USE 1 : duration in the past
-use to talk about actions or situations that lasted for some time in the past, and whose duration time is unknown or unimportant.
-USE 2 : interrupted actions in progress
-is often used when one action in progress is interrupted by another action in the past.we usually use when or while to link these two sentences.
-USE 3 : actions in progress at the same time
-also use this tense to talk about two or more activities happening at the same. We usually use when or while to link the two sentences.
-USE 4 : timid/polite questions
-even though the sentences have a past continuous tense form, they refer to the present moment. their meaning is similar to the "could you" sentences, but they are more polite.
-USE 5 : irritation
-remember that you can also express irritation over somebody or something in the past.
Simple past tense :
>Used to describe an action or an event
>Affirmative form of simple past tense :
-Bumped(simple past tense)
-The wagons bumped into each other when the train came to a sudden halt(example)
>Negative form of simple past tense :
-was + not , were + not(base form)
-wasn't , weren't(shortened form)
-the child was not happy to receive the gift(example)
>Interrogative or question form or simple past tense :
-was , were('be' verb)
-happy to receive the gift?(rest of question)
>Other than the articles (a, an, the) there are other words that can be used to show quantity.
>Determiners used with singular countable nouns :
-one = one pirate
-each = each kingfisher
-every = every report
>Determiners used with plural countable nouns :
-a lot of = a lot of cookies
-many = many accidents
-both = both wrestlers
>Determiners used with uncountable nouns :
-some = some honey
-all = all interest
-this = this excitement
>Link of words to other parts of a sentence and show relations between them.
>3 basic conjunctions :
-they join single words, phrases and clauses
-connect complete sentences, word or phrases of similar
-time:these conjunctions answer the question 'when'
-place:answer the question 'where'
-reason:answer the question 'why'
>connects words that show relationship among words in a sentences.
-for example, my grandfather came to kuala lumpur by train.
A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. You use pronouns like "he," "which," "none," and "you" to make your sentences less cumbersome and less repetitive.
Grammarians classify pronouns into several types, including the personal pronoun, the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the relative pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun.
A personal pronoun refers to a specific person or thing and changes its form to indicate person, number, gender, and case.
Subjective Personal Pronouns
An article (abbreviated art) is a word that combines with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun, in some languages extending to volume or numerical scope. The articles in the English language are the and a/an, and (in some contexts) some. 'An' and 'a' are modern forms of the Old English 'an', which in Anglian dialects was the number 'one' (compare 'on', in Saxon dialects) and survived into Modern Scots as the number 'ane'. Both 'on' (respelled 'one' by the Normans) and 'an' survived into Modern English, with 'one' used as the number and 'an' ('a', before nouns that begin with a consonant sound) as an indefinite article.
In some languages, articles are a special part of speech, which cannot easily be combined with other parts of speech. It is also possible for articles to be part of another part of speech category such as determiner, an English part of speech category that combines articles and demonstratives (such as 'this' and 'that').
In languages that employ articles, every common noun, with some exceptions, is expressed with a certain definiteness (e.g., definite or indefinite), just as many languages express every noun with a certain grammatical number (e.g., singular or plural). Every noun must be accompanied by the article, if any, corresponding to its definiteness, and the lack of an article (considered a zero article) itself specifies a certain definiteness. This is in contrast to other adjectives and determiners, which are typically optional. This obligatory nature of articles makes them among the most common words in many languages—in English, for example, the most frequent word is the.
At night Wednesday, I and my friend go to class Bel 120. We learn about 'Subject Verb Agreement'. Firstly, we learn about Agreement. Agreement is a present tense verb in English should agree with the subject of sentences. Singular subjects use singular verbs. For example,Jack robs liquor stores(s on the verb). Plural subjects use plural verbs. For example, Bonnie and Clyde rob banks(no s on the verb). Next, I learn about compound subjects using "and". Example plural is : Bert and Ernie are special friends(plural verb). Example singular is : War and Peace is a very thick book(singular verb). Next, compound subjects using "or". For example, Neither the instructor nor the students have any control over the number of 8 o'clock classes(plural verb). Either two credit cards or a membership is needed before you can rent movies(singular verb). Next, I learn about indefinite noun. There are 9 types of indefinite pronouns. For example 'every,everyone,everybody,each,neither,either,none,one,no one'. Next,collective nouns. Collective nouns is word such as 'jury, committee,or herd' will be singular when everyone in the group is acting together. Collective nouns will be plural when the members of the group are not acting together. 'Here,there and it'. When the sentence begin with here or there,the subject follows the verb and controls whether the verb is plural. For example, Here ARE my reasons for quitting(plural). Other example, There is no need to pay me next week(singular). Next, word ending in s. For example, 'economics,AIDS, physics,news'